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Petrol

Fuel Company "Rusneftesnab" is carried out deliveries both of petroleum products and of petrol in Russia. Supply of petrol is carried out by road to Moscow and its neighboring area. JSC "Rusneftesnab" produces shipment of petrol by rail to the regions of the Russian Federation.

Our goal is to provide our customers only with high quality oil products in the shortest  period in view of rational pricing policy.

Petrol is a mixture of light hydrocarbons with boiling points from 30 to 200 ° C. Density is about 0.75 g / cm ³. Calorific value is approximately 10500 kcal / kg (46 MJ / kg, 34.5 MJ / liter). Combustible liquid. It is intended for use as fuel. It is produced by distillation, hydrocracking, and if necessary further aromatization - catalytic cracking and reforming. Additional refinement from unwanted components and mixing with useful additions is used for special  gasoline

You can buy petrol by  contacting our company by phone: 8-800-7000-800 (toll-free in Russia) and 8-495-514-02-76. Price of gasoline can be found in the relevant section of our site - the cost of production.

It is known cases, when other hydriocarbon raw was used for the production of gasoline. It is possible to distillate gasoline fractions from resins by semi-coking and coking with additional refinement (eg in the Estonian SSR gasoline is produced from oil shale). Gasoline is also produced by synthesizing of gas (a product of coal gasification, methane conversion) using synthine process (Fischer - Tropsch synthesis), the products of such technology are synthins and kogasins.

Sale and delivery of petroleum products is carried out on Russian territory by road and rail. Supply of light fuel (gasoline) is carried out for industrial enterprises and organizations that use in the manufacture and consume fuel oil, diesel fuel, gasoline, bitumen and other petroleum products.

Today "classic" production technology of gasoline at the refinery represents itself  mixing of several components, the main of which are:

  • Straight-run gasoline (light naphtha)
  • Isomerizate (product of isomerization of previous one)
  • Reformate ( product of reformer of heavy naphtha)
  • Petrol of catalytic cracking (destuction product of heavy fractions during primary distillation)
  • Alkylate (a product of alkylation of previous one)
  • Gasoline of  hydrocracking (destruction product of the most difficult liquids, remained whole after an atmospheric and then vacuum distillation)
  • Modified additives and admixtures

The simplest way of gasoline production includes the selection of light fractions during a crude oil refinement  by primitive way further it is followed by increasimg octane number with the help of  introduction of a large number of additives.

Shipment of gasoline is carried by rail directly from the factory-manufacturer. Delivery of fuel by rail is needed  to supply with gasoline industrial enterprises and organizations that use in the manufacture and consume fuel oil, diesel fuel, gasoline, bitumen and other petroleum products.

In the late 19th century it could not be found a better application for gasoline more than the antiseptic (gasoline was sold in pharmacies) and fuel for stoves. Earlier only kerosine was distillated from oil, and everything else, including gasoline, was burned, or thrown out. However,  with the advent of the internal combustion engine that operates on the Otto-cycle,  gasoline has become one of the main product of refinery. Although, with the widening of  dissemination of diesel engines, diesel fuel was highlighted due to its higher efficiency of diesel engines. Petrol is used as fuel for carburetors and fuel injection engines, high-momentum propellants (Cintin), production of paraffin as a solvent, as a combustible material, raw material for petrochemical straight-run gasoline or gas stable petrol.

The main qualitative chracteristics of motor gasoline are:

  • Evaporation and mixing
  • Detonation stability
  • The tendency to uncontrolled inflammation (surface ignition)
  • Scale formation and the propensity to ledges
  • Chemical stability (induction period)
  • Corrosivity
  • Ecological compatibility
  • Toxicity

The main characteristics affecting these indicators are:

  • Fractional composition of gasoline, defined by onset and end of boiling, boil-off 10, 50 and 90% of gasoline
  • Hydrocarbon composition (given its structure)
  • Content of sulfur, oxygen-containing compounds, dissolved resins, metals

Motor gasoline is  divided into automobile (A) and aviation (B). Aviation gasoline differs its content of more light fractions and a higher octane value. There are also summer and winter grade of  gasoline. Winter gasoline has  more light fraction, which improves cold start of engine. The classification of gasoline is based on the so-called octane number.  High-octane gasoline have a higher resistance to detonation what allows  to design engines with higher intensity of compression.

Straight-run gasoline produced by distillation, does not have a detonation resistance required for a modern engine. Gasoline grade A-72 and below was used only for motors designed before1960's. Send gasoline anywhere to Russia is possible both by railway and motor transport. Short-term use of gasoline with lower octane value for a modern engine is possible (while free-running), however it leads to a catastrophic engine failure in less than a minute working warmed engine at full power.

The main components of high-octane gasoline are produced by hydrifining, catalytic cracking, isomerization and reforming. In addition, use of different additives and antidetonators. It is also possible to use additives increasing an octane value of mixing. So additives are oxygenated compounds (alcohols and ethers). For example: the octane number of ethanol is about 120 points, and MTBE is about 130 points. However, their content is limited because of low calorific value and the boiling point that is up to 15%.